China's rapid expansion and modernization of transport infrastructure across the border is also forcing India to respond, though India is already decades behind. Beijing's plans to modernize transportation across the Himalayas has been evident for decades. The railway link between Beijing and Lhasa further tightened China's grip on Tibet and helped it to rapidly deploy troops in the region when riots broke out in 2008. China's ambition is to extend this rail line to Yatung, just a few miles from Sikkim's Nathu La, and subsequently to Nyingchi, north of Arunachal Pradesh, at the tri-border junction with Myanmar. China's plans for the development of its border areas contrast starkly with India's tentative stance on infrastructure development.