Hong Kong regards itself as different. Polls show most residents think of themselves as “Hong Kong Chinese” rather than simply “Chinese”. They believe that the handover arrangements give them the right to make their opinions known. The fact that Beijing reacts in such a hostile fashion is bound to increase their frustration. This also constitutes a tricky issue for the UK government given its responsibilities for preserving the Hong Kong system at a time when it is trying to nurture commercial relations with Beijing.