The Return of the Communists in Tokyo

By Todd Crowell

TOKYO - Three political party leaders had a reason to smile to the television cameras last Sunday as votes came in for the Tokyo legislative election. Of course, they included the leaders of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and its partner Komeito. After all, together they had just won a landslide victory.

Also beaming to the cameras before a background of little red roses attached to the names of its winning candidates was Kazuo Shii, the longtime leader of the Japanese Communist Party (JCP). His party had more than doubled its strength in the legislative assembly.

Astonishingly it won more seats -- 17 versus 15 -- than the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), which not only had controlled the Tokyo assembly before the election but also formed the government of Japan until about six months ago.

Elections to the Tokyo Assembly are often bellwethers to national elections. The success of the Democrats in the 2009 legislative election presaged its smashing victory one month later. Similarly, the governing party's triumph in this election bodes well for its success in the House of Councillors election in July.

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Prime Minister Shinzo Abe had very good reason to be cheerful -- his party and his electoral partner won every seat they contested -- and to interpret it as an endorsement of his economic policies, dubbed "Abenomics," even though little has yet trickled down to ordinary people.

Six months in office, the Abe government continues to hold popular approval ratings in the 60 percent range. This is almost unprecedented for recent Japanese governments. The main reason for this is general approval of Abe's economic policies. The average person may not know exactly what "quantitative easing" is, but for the moment likes the idea that the government is doing something bold to fix the economy.

Of course, the Abe government has had pretty much of a free rein during its early months in office due to the almost total lack of any effective opposition. The DPJ, which should provide that kind of opposition, but it has been virtually invisible these past few months and is, anyway, still too toxic with the voters.

The new Japan Restoration Party, led by Osaka Mayor Toru Hashimoto and former Tokyo Governor Shintaro Ishihara, may be the third-largest bloc in the parliament. But the restoration party is also floundering, due in part to the mayor's controversial remarks on comfort women. It did poorly in the Tokyo election, losing one of its three seats.

Enter the communists. During the election, the JCP campaigned as the "only true opposition party." It succeeded in making itself the receptacle for many anti-LDP voters who had given up on the democrats. Said its leader Shii: "It is important to take on the LDP and offer an alternative."

But are the communists a viable and reliable vessel for the anti-Abe vote? After all, the party won only eight seats in parliament in last year's general election to the 480-seat House of Representatives, an awfully small base from which to build on. It was the party's poorest showing in 45 years.

The JCP's declining fortunes have in some respects been linked to the democrats. As the main opposition party rose in popularity the communists seemed to recede. Now the shoe is on the other foot. The democrat's fortunes are plunging and that of the communists rising.

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Todd Crowell is a freelance writer based in Tokyo.

(AP Photo)

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