Implementing Restraint

hen advocates of restraint apply their beliefs to current con
ditions, they generate many recommended changes to existing U.S.
policy. Because the level of U.S. interests and threats to those interests
vary by region, so too do the prescriptions of advocates of restraint. For
example, some advocates of restraint see greater threats to U.S. inter
ests in the Asia-Pacific and, therefore, promote much greater U.S. mili
tary involvement in that region than in Europe. Similarly, the specific
policy prescriptions of advocates of restraint can change with time as
conditions change. For example, most advocates of restraint favored a
large military presence and strong U.S. alliances in Europe during the
Cold War when they believed that the Soviet Union represented a seri
ous threat to vital U.S. interests. However, advocates of restraint assess
that Russia currently represents a much smaller threat than the Soviet
Union and, therefore, requires a different strategy
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